- AutorIn
- Dipl.-Math. oec. B.Sc. Nicole Lorenz
- Titel
- Application of the Duality Theory
- Untertitel
- New Possibilities within the Theory of Risk Measures, Portfolio Optimization and Machine Learning
- Zitierfähige Url:
- https://nbn-resolving.org/urn:nbn:de:bsz:ch1-qucosa-94108
- Datum der Einreichung
- 06.10.2011
- Datum der Verteidigung
- 28.06.2012
- Abstract (EN)
- The aim of this thesis is to present new results concerning duality in scalar optimization. We show how the theory can be applied to optimization problems arising in the theory of risk measures, portfolio optimization and machine learning. First we give some notations and preliminaries we need within the thesis. After that we recall how the well-known Lagrange dual problem can be derived by using the general perturbation theory and give some generalized interior point regularity conditions used in the literature. Using these facts we consider some special scalar optimization problems having a composed objective function and geometric (and cone) constraints. We derive their duals, give strong duality results and optimality condition using some regularity conditions. Thus we complete and/or extend some results in the literature especially by using the mentioned regularity conditions, which are weaker than the classical ones. We further consider a scalar optimization problem having single chance constraints and a convex objective function. We also derive its dual, give a strong duality result and further consider a special case of this problem. Thus we show how the conjugate duality theory can be used for stochastic programming problems and extend some results given in the literature. In the third chapter of this thesis we consider convex risk and deviation measures. We present some more general measures than the ones given in the literature and derive formulas for their conjugate functions. Using these we calculate some dual representation formulas for the risk and deviation measures and correct some formulas in the literature. Finally we proof some subdifferential formulas for measures and risk functions by using the facts above. The generalized deviation measures we introduced in the previous chapter can be used to formulate some portfolio optimization problems we consider in the fourth chapter. Their duals, strong duality results and optimality conditions are derived by using the general theory and the conjugate functions, respectively, given in the second and third chapter. Analogous calculations are done for a portfolio optimization problem having single chance constraints using the general theory given in the second chapter. Thus we give an application of the duality theory in the well-developed field of portfolio optimization. We close this thesis by considering a general Support Vector Machines problem and derive its dual using the conjugate duality theory. We give a strong duality result and necessary as well as sufficient optimality conditions. By considering different cost functions we get problems for Support Vector Regression and Support Vector Classification. We extend the results given in the literature by dropping the assumption of invertibility of the kernel matrix. We use a cost function that generalizes the well-known Vapnik's ε-insensitive loss and consider the optimization problems that arise by using this. We show how the general theory can be applied for a real data set, especially we predict the concrete compressive strength by using a special Support Vector Regression problem.
- Freie Schlagwörter (DE)
- Konjugierte Dualität, konvexe Analysis, Fencheldualität, Lagrangedualität, Regularitätsbedingungen, schwache Dualität, starke Dualität, Portfoliooptimierung, innere Punktbedingungen, Regularitätsbedingungen, Risikomaße, Support Vektor Regression, Suport Vektor Klassifikation, Machinelles Lernen
- Freie Schlagwörter (EN)
- Conjugate duality, convex duality theory, Fenchel duality, Lagrange duality, Fenchel-Lagrange duality, regularity conditions, perturbation functions, composed convex optimization problems, geometric constraints, cone constraints, weak and strong duality, scalar optimization, interior point regularity condition, conjugate functions, convex risk measures, convex deviation measures, portfolio optimization, optimality conditions, stochastic programming, chance constraints, machine learning, Tikhonov regularization, loss functions, Support Vector Regression, Support Vector Classification, concrete compressive strength
- Klassifikation (DDC)
- 515
- Normschlagwörter (GND)
- Maschinelles Lernen, Konjugierte Dualität, konvexe Analysis
- GutachterIn
- Prof. Dr. Dr. h.c. (NUM) Gert Wanka
- Prof. Dr. Gerhard Wilhelm Weber

- BetreuerIn
- Prof. Dr. Dr. h.c. (NUM) Gert Wanka

- Den akademischen Grad verleihende / prüfende Institution
- Technische Universität Chemnitz, Chemnitz
- URN Qucosa
- urn:nbn:de:bsz:ch1-qucosa-94108
- Veröffentlichungsdatum Qucosa
- 15.08.2012
- Dokumenttyp
- Dissertation
- Sprache des Dokumentes
- Englisch